Oracle Veritabanında Eksik Foreign Key Indexlerini Bulmak

Merhabalar,

Bazen veritabanında foreign key eksikliği nedeniyle ( enq: TM – contention wait ) beklemeler yaşayabilirsiniz. Supportta bununla ilgili bir döküman var (Doc ID 1019527.6). Bu yazımda bu scripti çalıştırıp eksik foreign key leri tespit etmekten bahsedeceğim.
Aşağıdaki scripti veritabanınızda TFSFKCHLK.SQL dosyası oluşturarak içine kopyalayın. Daha sonra eksik foreign keylerin olduğu schema ile veritabanınıza bağlanıp bu sorguyu çalıştırın.

$sqlplus onur/onur
@path/tfsfkchk

Bu sorguyu çalıştırdıktan sonra bulunduğunuz schemada “ck_log” diye bir tablo oluşturacaktır. Bu tabloyu sorguladığınızda yaratılacak indexlerin kolonları ve tablolarını görebiliriz.

select LineMsg from ck_log
where LineMsg NOT LIKE 'Checking%' AND
LineMsg NOT LIKE 'No foreign key%'
order by LineNum
/

Scripti buradan indirebilirsiniz. TFSFKCHLK.SQL

İsterseniz aşağıdaki scripti kopyalayarak sql dosyasını oluşturabilirsiniz.

SCRIPT

SET ECHO off
REM NAME: TFSFKCHLK.SQL
REM USAGE:"@path/tfsfkchk"
REM --------------------------------------------------------------------------
REM REQUIREMENTS:
REM None -- checks only the USER_ views
REM --------------------------------------------------------------------------
REM This file checks the current users Foreign Keys to make sure of the
REM following:
REM
REM 1) All the FK columns are have indexes to prevent a possible locking
REM problem that can slow down the database.
REM
REM 2) Checks the ORDER OF THE INDEXED COLUMNS. To prevent the locking
REM problem the columns MUST be index in the same order as the FK is
REM defined.
REM
REM 3) If the script finds and miss match the script reports the correct
REM order of columns that need to be added to prevent the locking
REM problem.
REM
REM
REM
REM -------------------------------------------------------------------------
REM Main text of script follows:

drop table ck_log;

create table ck_log (
LineNum number,
LineMsg varchar2(2000));

declare
t_CONSTRAINT_TYPE user_constraints.CONSTRAINT_TYPE%type;
t_CONSTRAINT_NAME USER_CONSTRAINTS.CONSTRAINT_NAME%type;
t_TABLE_NAME USER_CONSTRAINTS.TABLE_NAME%type;
t_R_CONSTRAINT_NAME USER_CONSTRAINTS.R_CONSTRAINT_NAME%type;
tt_CONSTRAINT_NAME USER_CONS_COLUMNS.CONSTRAINT_NAME%type;
tt_TABLE_NAME USER_CONS_COLUMNS.TABLE_NAME%type;
tt_COLUMN_NAME USER_CONS_COLUMNS.COLUMN_NAME%type;
tt_POSITION USER_CONS_COLUMNS.POSITION%type;
tt_Dummy number;
tt_dummyChar varchar2(2000);
l_Cons_Found_Flag VarChar2(1);
Err_TABLE_NAME USER_CONSTRAINTS.TABLE_NAME%type;
Err_COLUMN_NAME USER_CONS_COLUMNS.COLUMN_NAME%type;
Err_POSITION USER_CONS_COLUMNS.POSITION%type;

tLineNum number;

cursor UserTabs is
select table_name
from user_tables
order by table_name;

cursor TableCons is
select CONSTRAINT_TYPE,
CONSTRAINT_NAME,
R_CONSTRAINT_NAME
from user_constraints
where OWNER = USER
and table_name = t_Table_Name
and CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'R'
order by TABLE_NAME, CONSTRAINT_NAME;

cursor ConColumns is
select CONSTRAINT_NAME,
TABLE_NAME,
COLUMN_NAME,
POSITION
from user_cons_columns
where OWNER = USER
and CONSTRAINT_NAME = t_CONSTRAINT_NAME
order by POSITION;

cursor IndexColumns is
select TABLE_NAME,
COLUMN_NAME,
POSITION
from user_cons_columns
where OWNER = USER
and CONSTRAINT_NAME = t_CONSTRAINT_NAME
order by POSITION;

DebugLevel number := 99; -- >>> 99 = dump all info`
DebugFlag varchar(1) := 'N'; -- Turn Debugging on
t_Error_Found varchar(1);

begin

tLineNum := 1000;
open UserTabs;
LOOP
Fetch UserTabs into t_TABLE_NAME;
t_Error_Found := 'N';
exit when UserTabs%NOTFOUND;

-- Log current table
tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, NULL );

tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, 'Checking Table '||t_Table_Name);

l_Cons_Found_Flag := 'N';
open TableCons;
LOOP
FETCH TableCons INTO t_CONSTRAINT_TYPE,
t_CONSTRAINT_NAME,
t_R_CONSTRAINT_NAME;
exit when TableCons%NOTFOUND;

if ( DebugFlag = 'Y' and DebugLevel >= 99 )
then
begin
tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, 'Found CONSTRAINT_NAME = '|| t_CONSTRAINT_NAME);

tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, 'Found CONSTRAINT_TYPE = '|| t_CONSTRAINT_TYPE);

tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, 'Found R_CONSTRAINT_NAME = '|| t_R_CONSTRAINT_NAME);
commit;
end;
end if;

open ConColumns;
LOOP
FETCH ConColumns INTO
tt_CONSTRAINT_NAME,
tt_TABLE_NAME,
tt_COLUMN_NAME,
tt_POSITION;
exit when ConColumns%NOTFOUND;
if ( DebugFlag = 'Y' and DebugLevel >= 99 )
then
begin
tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, NULL );

tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, 'Found CONSTRAINT_NAME = '|| tt_CONSTRAINT_NAME);

tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, 'Found TABLE_NAME = '|| tt_TABLE_NAME);

tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, 'Found COLUMN_NAME = '|| tt_COLUMN_NAME);

tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, 'Found POSITION = '|| tt_POSITION);
commit;
end;
end if;

begin
select 1 into tt_Dummy
from user_ind_columns
where TABLE_NAME = tt_TABLE_NAME
and COLUMN_NAME = tt_COLUMN_NAME
and COLUMN_POSITION = tt_POSITION;

if ( DebugFlag = 'Y' and DebugLevel >= 99 )
then
begin
tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, 'Row Has matching Index' );
end;
end if;
exception
when Too_Many_Rows then
if ( DebugFlag = 'Y' and DebugLevel >= 99 )
then
begin
tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, 'Row Has matching Index' );
end;
end if;

when no_data_found then
if ( DebugFlag = 'Y' and DebugLevel >= 99 )
then
begin
tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, 'NO MATCH FOUND' );
commit;
end;
end if;

t_Error_Found := 'Y';

select distinct TABLE_NAME
into tt_dummyChar
from user_cons_columns
where OWNER = USER
and CONSTRAINT_NAME = t_R_CONSTRAINT_NAME;

tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum, 'Changing data in table '||tt_dummyChar
||' will lock table ' ||tt_TABLE_NAME);

commit;
tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum,'Create an index on table '||tt_TABLE_NAME
||' with the following columns to remove lock problem');

open IndexColumns ;
loop
Fetch IndexColumns into Err_TABLE_NAME,
Err_COLUMN_NAME,
Err_POSITION;
exit when IndexColumns%NotFound;
tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum,'Column = '||Err_COLUMN_NAME||' ('||Err_POSITION||')');
end loop;
close IndexColumns;
end;
end loop;
commit;
close ConColumns;
end loop;
if ( t_Error_Found = 'N' )
then
begin
tLineNum := tLineNum + 1;
insert into ck_log ( LineNum, LineMsg ) values
( tLineNum,'No foreign key errors found');
end;
end if;
commit;
close TableCons;
end loop;
commit;
end;
/